COMPLEX REALITY OF COMMUNITY EXCLUSION:-Theoretical and Policy Conclusions Based on the Tarkwa Case

The description in this thesis provides an exploratory piece and presents the reality of decision-making and actor negotiations within the mining sector. This thesis does not claim to explain the reality in Ghana’s mining sector, but uses the case of Tarkwa to present some snap shots of aspects that could be investigated in other mining areas. As a final conclusion, a mining area could be defined as a complex interaction between various societal groups driven by cultural, economic and political interests, possessing varying levels of power and seeking to either overcome any resistance to meet their goals, or wield power to overcome any constraints. I guess this definition could fit any context where competing interests interact. For practice and policy intervention, a thorough mapping and analysis of these interests is important.